I love the placebo effect. It’s a subject matter worth diving into.
I first started really getting into it around the time that I wrote Mental Muscle.
Facts like placebo surgeries often doing as well as real surgeries.
Facts like placebos working…even when people are told they’re placebos.
Facts like a more expensive placebo outperforming a less expensive placebo.
Facts like a little red pill outperforming a big white pill.
Placebo is the belief or expectation of something doing something. And so I just came across an interesting new study in the area of placebo and genetics.
Published in Nature, this paper is titled “Learning one’s genetic risk changes physiology independent of actual genetic risk.” (Source)
Turnwald et al. state, “We tested whether merely learning of one’s genetic risk for disease alters one’s actual risk by making people more likely to exhibit the expected changes in gene-related physiology, behaviour and subjective experience.”
Furthermore, “Merely receiving genetic risk information changed individuals’ cardiorespiratory physiology, perceived exertion and running endurance during exercise, and changed satiety physiology and perceived fullness after food consumption in a self-fulfilling manner. Effects of perceived genetic risk on outcomes were sometimes greater than the effects associated with actual genetic risk.”
In plain English, if you are told you are high risk for obesity because of your genetics than it will change the results you get from exercise and eating in a negative direction.
If you are told you are low risk for obesity because of your genes it will change your results in a positive direction.
This occurs whether or not you ACTUALLY have these obesity genes.
This isn’t to say that genetics aren’t important at all. They absolutely are…at least in some cases. There are diseases where a single mutation seems to be the problem.
But when we’re talking about weight loss, fitness or getting stronger, not so much. Here it doesn’t matter your genes very much at all. It is within your control.
Take the idea of a hardgainer as another example. This is someone that has a hard time putting on muscle. Is it because of genes? Or is it because they believe they’re a hardgainer? Or is it a bit of both?
The fact is you’re not going to change your genes so don’t worry about them. (Unless you end up CRISPRing yourself like that one guy did.)
Instead, focus on what is in control.
That means your behaviors like the exercise you do and the food you eat. Absolutely.
And realize that you can transform your beliefs too. Most people don’t realize that these are actually within their control…if they learn how.
Like those subjects in the study, what if you BELIEVED you had genes that made being healthy and fit easy, regardless of the actual genetics?
This can be done…
And for those that already have this, a deeper dive can be found here.